Sow indoors 6-8 weeks before your last frost.
Transplant out after last frost.
Direct sow after last frost.
Note: Long-blooming, drought and cold tolerant perennial.
Surface sow or cover seeds very lightly
10-15 days @ soil temp 65-75F
Average. Tolerant to most soil types but prefers well-drained and evenly moist soil. Will tolerate some drought.
Loved by pollinators!
While not absolutely necessary, you may provide a staking or netting to keep them upright and tidy. They are very sturdy plants!
These are lovely in a bouquet. Cut stems when 1/3 of flowers are open and new buds will continue to open. Expect a vase life of 5-7 days.