Sow indoors 8-10 weeks before your last frost.
Transplant out after last frost.
Note: Slugs ADORE the fresh green growth. Just sayin.
12-18" in rows 15-18" apart.
10-20 days @ soil temp 70F
Average. Prefers well-drained, and evenly moist but is tolerant of many soil types. Drought and heat tolerant once established.
Loved by pollinators!
Harvest 3rd year and beyond roots for medicinal purposes.
While not absolutely necessary, you may provide staking or netting to keep them upright and tidy with straight stems.
Cut long stems when petals just stretching and expect a stem life of 5-7 days.