Sow indoors 8-10 weeks before your last frost.
Transplant out after last frost.
Note: Pre-chill seed for 1-2 weeks to break dormancy. Blooms in the spring of the second year.
Barely cover as light aids germination.
8-12" in rows 16" apart.
21-28 days @ soil temp 70F
Prefers part shade
Average. Prefers well-drained, fluffy, and evenly moist soil but tolerates less ideal soil.
Strong wiry stems.
Harvest stems when 1/3 of flowers are open and expect a vase life of 5-7 days.