Sow indoors 4-6 weeks before your last frost.
Transplant out after last frost.
Direct sow after last frost.
Note: Germination can be tricky. Patience! Blooms 2nd year.
Cover seeds very lightly
10-12 days @ soil temp 65-70F
Average-high. Tolerant to most soil types but prefers well-drained and evenly moist soil.
Loved by pollinators!
While their stems are very sturdy, they can grow to 8'! Staking keeps them upright and tidy.
Cut when flowers are in bud stage or just opening and expect a vase life of a week.