Sow indoors 6-8 weeks before your last frost.
Transplant after last frost.
Direct seed after last frost.
Note: To improve germination, chill seed one week before sowing. Tolerant of cooler temps.
1/8-1/4" Darkness required to germinate.
9-12" in rows 15" apart.
14-21 days @ soil temp 55F. Does not germ well above 55F.
Full sun to part shade
Average to high. Prefers well-drained, and evenly moist soil.
Provide support to keep them upright and tidy.
Fresh and dried flower
Cut when 1/3 of stem is in bloom and expect a vase life of one week. Allow flowers to open and hang upside down to dry.