Sow indoors 4-6 weeks before your last frost.
Transplant out after last frost.
May direct seed after last frost.
Note: Cold hardy to light frosts.
16" between plants in rows 15-18" apart.
14-21 days @ soil temp 60-70F
Full sun to part shade.
Average. Grow in all soils although well-drained and evenly moist soil is preferred.
At upwards of 7' tall, these benefit from support to keep them upright and tidy.
Deadhead to extend the season.
Fresh or dried flowers/seed-heads.
Harvest flowers when 1/4-1/3 open and expect a vase life of 5+ days.